Finding information on the Internet is easy, but it is more difficult to verify its reliability, especially if you are not an expert in a given subject. It's also difficult to find information that is not biased, as it may be with travel agencies or local promoting organizations which tend to describe the climate of a given location as mild and pleasant even when it is not. There are also some websites which provide correct information, but in a complicated language, or using words and concepts which are too specialized. Other websites simply gather information from third-party sites, without being able to assess their reliability, or merely provide raw data without adding explanations.
Here, on the contrary, you can find an analysis of the climates of the different countries of the world, carried out from a single, consistent point of view.
The advice on the best time in which to visit a particular country is based on weather statistics, including the mean values and, where available, also the extreme values for a particular location or a particular area. With "best period" we mean the period when the weather conditions are generally better in that location or in that particular country compared with other times of the year (and not to other locations: the worst time of year for a location X might be better than the best time for a location Y).
Usually we consider as ideal a temperature of around 22/24 degrees Celsius (72/75 degrees Fahrenheit) to visit cities and make excursions, and around 27/28 °C (81/82 °F) for beach life. Of course we also considered the risk of rain (and intense phenomena such as thunderstorms, hail, tornadoes, hurricanes, etc.), the amount of sunshine and the sea temperature. For these reasons, the best time may seem sometimes a bit too short in climates that all in all are good, but we tried to minimize any possible risk. Nobody, however, forbids you to visit a given country in other times of the year, nor to seek the "thrill" that extreme weather conditions can give to some. It should also be noted that generally the best times correspond to high season and therefore involve higher prices.
The weather can not be predicted more than a week in advance, but in the days immediately prior to departure it may be helpful to check the weather forecast for the place you plan to visit, especially in the case of a last minute trip, which allows you to book the trip after checking the forecast itself.
The tropical rains typically occur in the form of downpour or thunderstorm, often in the afternoon and evening (but in coastal towns they may occur even at night or in the morning). Sometimes they can be intense and concentrated in a few hours, and can cause flooding, but usually they do not disturb much a holiday, because they are soon followed by the return of the sunshine. However it is advisable to avoid the rainy season, when the risk of intense phenomena is greater, especially if you plan to make excursions in mountains, natural parks etc. Typically the tropical rains are more intense in mountainous areas or at the foot of the mountains, near the oceans and in the forests which can provide moisture, or in large continental areas which are more prone to wam up, so generally the small and flat islands are less rainy than the big and mountainous ones. Even in desert or semi-desert areas, occasionally some downpours may occur: during periods when there is any chance of this happening, it's better not to linger inside dry river beds (wadis), which could suddenly fill up.
The monsoon rains occur in certain tropical or sub-tropical areas, as part of a large-scale atmospheric circulation; they mainly affect the continents and the nearby areas, and have a high impact on the lives of local people, and of course can affect travelers. Typically during the monsoon season the sky may remain cloudy for days, and there can be long-lasting rains. Generally the most affected areas are the coasts and the mountain slopes exposed to the prevailing winds.
The tropical cyclones (which are also called cyclones, hurricanes, typhoons depending on area) are one of the most serious threats to travelers and residents in the areas in which they can occur. Cyclones develop in tropical seas, only when the sea surface temperature is very high, and follow certain trajectories on the basis of the winds that prevail at high altitude. Once a cyclone is formed, it is possible to predict its path, at least for the next few hours. A country may be more or less exposed to this type of phenomena. Although it is relatively rare for a tropical cyclone to hit a given location, when it happens it can cause heavy damage, and in any case it can ruin a vacation, even if only for the cancellation of the flight. For this reason we have never recommended the periods in which a given country may be affected by these phenomena. Typically cyclones occur in the warmest and rainiest time of the year, and therefore not in the best time, although it's not always the case. To check the risk of cyclones we have analyzed the trajectories followed in the past; you still can not be sure that in the future a cyclone can not follow an abnormal trajectory or occur in times of the year different than usual.
We decided not to use the Köppen climate classification, because it is based on vegetation, which is certainly a good indicator to know the climate of a region, but of course the needs of plant species and farmers do not coincide with those of tourists, so we used a classification of our creation.
WARNING: the site climatestotravel.com makes no warranty on accuracy, completeness and usefulness of the information contained therein, and can not be held legally responsible for any loss, damage or injury which may arise directly or indirectly, from the use of the information contained therein.
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